It is the injury of the Achilles tendons due to the overuse of it, Achilles tendon connect the calf muscles with your heel. It usually occurs in the athletes who have the work of running during which they suddenly increased the intensity of their run. It may also occur in the middle age sportsman who play basketball, tennis, etc.
Mild cases usually resolved at home by self-care, in severe cases tendon may be tear which require surgical treatment.
Pain start from the back of the leg and reached above the tendon after running and other activity. Severe pain may occur after climbing and running. Stiffness and tenderness more at morning which may reduce by movement.
It may cause by the intense or repeated strains on the Achilles tendon. This tendon helps you in running, walking and push up on your toes.
It may also weaken with age as bones resorption started with increasing age so older people are more susceptible to it.
It may weaken the tendon due to which it is more prone to severe injury which causes the tear up of the tendon.
Following measurement reduce the risk to developed Achilles tendinitis:
- Stretch your calf muscle daily.
- Increase your exercise gradually.
- Choose comfortable shoes
- Strengthen your leg muscles.
Your doctor diagnosis by performing physical examination by pressing the affected area to check the tenderness and swelling. He will also check the movement, alignment and reflexes of your foot.
Following test are necessary to assess the condition and severity.
- Magnetic resonance imaging
Mild tendinitis usually resolved by self-care at home but in severe cases your doctor give the pain killer and anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Exercise help in stretching and strengthening the muscles and tendon.
- Elevation of heel by orthotic devices can relieve strain on the tendon and prevent the direct exertion of forces on your Achilles tendon.
- Rest your legs, avoid unnecessary movement.
- Elevate your leg.
- Ice it.
- Compress the leg
- Practice stretching and strengthening exercises as recommended by your doctor, physical therapist, or other health care provider.