It is a benign tumor that arises in the jaw near the molars. Ameloblastoma first arises in the enamel of teeth which form the protective layer over the teeth. It is a locally aggressive tumor but metastases to other sites rarely.
Most often it doesn’t produce any signs and symptoms except severe intense pain and swelling around the jaw area.
The exact cause of ameloblastoma is still not understood. But it may be assumed that injury, certain infections, and inflammation are the cause of ameloblastoma.
For diagnosis your doctor may recommend the following tests:
- To rule out the malignant growth
- X-ray. To check the extent and metastasis
Treatment options for ameloblastoma include:
- Radiation therapy
- Surgery to remove the benign growth
- Surgery to reconstruct the jaw bone