Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a fatal disease that damages the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord which affect the muscular functions. It is also called Gehrig’s disease.


They vary from person to person because signs and symptoms depend on the neurons which are affected they include:Alzheimer's disease

  • Slurred speech
  • Falling
  • Difficulty in walking
  • Behavioral changes
  • Muscle twitching
  • Weakness in legs

The exact cause of ALS is still not known, but theories suggest that certain environmental and genetic factors play their role in the development of ALS. Motor neurons are more affected by ALS.


Complications occur as the disease progress which includes:

  • Difficulty in speaking
  • Problem in breathing
  • Swallowing problem which causes malnutrition
  • Memory loss

It is very difficult to diagnose ALS because it mimics the other nervous system disorder. Following the test required to diagnose ALS:

·         Nerve conduction study: to check the nerve ability to send the impulses.

·          Blood and urine test: to rule out the other causes

·          MRI: to check any tumors and mass in the brain and spinal cord

·          Lumber puncture: to find any possible causes


Damage can’t be reverse but medications relieve the symptoms and prevent the complications. Treatment options include:

  • Radicava drug
  • Breathing support
  • Physical therapy
  • Speech therapy
  • Psychological therapy
  • Nutrition supports
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