Anal Fissure

Anal Fissure

An anal fissure is defined as the tearing injury to the mucosa which lines the anus. It occurs when constipated stool passes through the anus which causes injury to the mucosa. It affects people of any age.


Anal fissure causes the following signs and symptoms:

  • Skin tag near the anal opening
  • Bleeding during defecation
  • Pain after bowel movements
  • Tears visible around the anus

Causes of an anal fissure include:Anal Fissure


Below mention are the complications of anal fissure:

  • Recurrence of fissure
  • Sometimes it doesn’t heal after months and developed into the chronic fissure
  • Tearing extends to the muscles which give the support to the anal opening and causing more damage.

Your doctor after taking your medical history and perform a physical examination of pelvic might recommend the following tests:

  • Sigmoidoscopy of flexible type to evaluate the other causes of anal fissure
  • Endoscopy to visualize the condition of rectum and anus
  • Colonoscopy if your age is older than 50.

It resolves on it own within a few weeks but if it remains to occur after a month then following treatment options are available:

  • Topical nitroglycerin to relax the anal opening
  • Topical numbing agent for pain
  • Botox injection to relax the spasms of muscles which surrounds the anal opening
  • Medications to control the blood pressure
  • Surgery for chronic fissure
Lifestyle and Home Remedies

Your lifestyle has a great effect on your health and bowel habits. Below mentions tips will help to prevent the anal fissure:

  • Drinking a lot of water
  • Taking fibers in your diet
  • Avoid creates pressure during defecation
  • Exercise regularly
  • Walk after dinner
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