Anorexia is an psychological eating disorder in which patient have abnormally low body weight, disturbed weight perception and fear of gaining weight. Patients of anorexia are usually involve in serious practice to not gain weight which deliberately interfere there life.
Clinical picture of this condition include some physical as well as emotional features include:
- Preoccupation with food, not eating personally but giving it to others
- Making excuses for not eating
- Skipping meals
- Don’t have urge to eat In public
- Repeatedly measuring of body weight and always being conscious about weight
- Thin starved appearance
- Abnormal blood picture
- Soft hairs on the body
- Abnormal menstruation
- Fingers become bluish
- Abdominal pain
- Swollen feet and hands
The actual exact cause is unknown but It may be due to following reasons;
- Genetic causes
- Psychological problems like having obsessive compulsive disorder of looking good every time.
- Some environmental causes like some tribe cultures which force women to starve in order to look thin.
Some major concerning complications are;
- Heart problems
- Loss of muscle tone
- Menstruation become abnormal in females
- Increase risk of fractures due to development of osteoporosis
- Digestive problems.
Diagnosis of anorexia nervosa first include detailed history to rule out about the possible cause. Other tests and investigation include;
- Complete general physical examination of patient
- Some laboratory tests including blood test, thyroid or kidney function test and urine tests.
- Psychological checkup
- X-ray and electrocardiogram to check out the complications.
- Patient require immediate hospitalization and medical monitoring by doctor
- Therapies to restore weight again by the help of family, friends and psychiatrist.
- Psychotherapy including family-based therapy and individual therapy may be considered.
- Antidepressants medication are sometimes prescribed in order to Cope up with the depression associated with this condition.
- Try to be regular with your therapy sessions.
- Take vitamin and mineral supplements to avoid complications.
- Try to control the urge of weighing yourself.
- Don’t become isolated as it will worsen the depression.