Aortic Valve Disease

Aortic Valve Disease

This condition occur due to malfunctioning of valve between left ventricle and aorta. It can be congenital present at birth or may be acquired. The condition is of two types either aortic valve stenosis or aortic valve regurgitation.

  • Aortic valve stenosis is the type of aortic valve disease in which there is narrowing of the aortic valve because of thickening of cusps of valve which makes it unable to open properly. This will impede the blood flow from heart to the body.
  • Aortic valve regurgitation is the type of aortic valve disease in which there is backward flow of blood into the left ventricle because the valves are unable to close.

Clinically this condition presents as;Aortic Valve Disease

  • Heart murmurs
  • Problematic breathing on exertion
  • Fainting
  • Tiredness and weakness
  • Chest tightness
  • Heart beats become abnormal
  • Loss of appetite and not being able to gain weight ( in children particularly)

Mainly aortic valve disease is congenital. However, other causes include;

  • Age related changes in heart
  • Hypertension
  • Infections
  • Trauma to heart

Some major complications are;


Diagnosis depends upon the detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of patient. Other test and investigations include;

  • Echocardiogram
  • Electrocardiogram
  • CT scan
  • Cardiac MRI
  • Exercise/stress test
  • Cardiac catheterization

Treatment options are as follows;

  • Some medications and maintaining of healthy lifestyle is all that is required if the condition is mild to moderate.
  • Surgery options include: Aortic valve repair surgery or aortic valve replacement
Home Remedies
  • Manage to get healthy diet.
  • Keep in monitoring you weight
  • Stress management
  • Limit the use of tobacco
  • Be active and exercise regularly.
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