Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

It is defined as the condition in which your prostate gland become enlarged. It is the normal condition in aged men. It can cause difficulty in urination and block the urine flow and causes UTIs and kidney problem.


Signs and symptoms include:Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) Symptoms Treatment

  • Dribbling of urine
  • Weak urine stream
  • Frequent urge of urination
  • Difficulty of starting urination
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Hematuria


The location of prostate gland is below the bladder. Prostate gland grows throughout the life. Sometimes this continue growth of prostate gland block the urethra and make difficult to pass urine through it and causes urinary obstruction.


It can cause following complications:


After taking history your doctor might recommend the following tests:

  • Blood test to check the any infectious causes.
  • Digital rectal exam to check the enlargement of prostate through palpation with your index finger.
  • Urinary analysis to rule out other causes.
  • Prostate specific antigen test which is detected in blood in prostate and bladder cancer.


Treatment depend upon the severity and certain factors which include the size of your gland, your age, overall health condition and the discomfort due to this condition. Treatment option include:

  • The drugs which help to relax the bladder muscles. 5 alpha reductase inhibitors and alpha blocker may help to reduce your symptoms.
  • Surgical procedure. Transurethral incision of the prostate, transurethral resection of the prostate to cut the small section of gland to remove the obstruction.
  • Laser therapy also help to reduce the obstruction.

Lifestyle and home remedies

  • Urinate at regular times
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid caffeine
  • Eat a healthy food
  • Stay active
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