It is the bony nodule which form on the base of your big toe. This condition is occurred when bony alignment of toes is disturbed. It causes the redness and swelling over the big toe.
Below mention are the signs and symptoms of bunions:
- Movement limitation at joint
- Bulging bump at base of big toe
- Corns and calluses developed
The exact cause of bunions is still unknown but some common causes include:
- Foot injury or stress
- Deformities due to any injury or by birth
- Inherited foot type
- Pain in the big toe
- Abnormal bending of joint which cause pain and swelling.
- Fluid filled cushion in the joint which help in movement become inflamed.
After taking history and conducting a physical examination your doctor might recommend the x-ray of foot to check the extend of diseases.
Treatment option include:
- Medication for pain and swelling.
- Padding between the shoes and foot to ease you pain.
- Select comfortable and roomy shoes.
Treatment options vary depending on the severity of your bunion and how much pain it causes.
Nonsurgical treatments that may relieve the pain and pressure of a bunion include:
- Changing shoes. Wear roomy, comfortable shoes that provide plenty of space for your toes.
- Over-the-counter, nonmedicated bunion pads or cushions may be helpful. They can act as a buffer between your foot and your shoe and ease your pain.
- Acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve) can help you control the pain of a bunion. Cortisone injections also might help.
- Shoe inserts. Padded shoe inserts can help distribute pressure evenly when you move your feet, reducing your symptoms and preventing your bunion from getting worse. Over-the-counter supports can provide relief for some people; others require prescription orthotic devices.
- Applying ice. Icing your bunion after you’ve been on your feet too long or if it becomes inflamed can help relieve soreness and swelling. If you have reduced feeling or circulation problems with your feet, check with your doctor first before applying ice.
If conservative treatment doesn’t relieve your symptoms, you might need surgery. Surgery is not recommended for cosmetic reasons; only when a bunion causes you frequent pain or interferes with your daily activities.
There are many surgical procedures for bunions, and no one technique is best for every problem.
Surgical procedures for bunions can be done as single procedures or in combination. They might involve:
- Removing the swollen tissue from around your big toe joint
- Straightening your big toe by removing part of the bone
- Realigning one or more bones in the forefoot to a more normal position to correct the abnormal angle in your big toe joint
- Joining the bones of your affected joint permanently
It’s possible that you’ll be able to walk on your foot right after a bunion procedure. However, full recovery can take weeks to months.
To prevent a recurrence, you’ll need to wear proper shoes after recovery. For most people, it’s unrealistic to expect to wear narrower shoes after surgery.
Talk to your doctor about what you can expect after bunion surgery.