Diabetes Type 2

Diabetes Type 2

Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a long standing condition that is characterized by defect in the body metabolism of glucose. Glucose is a main sugar which provides energy to the body. In this condition either there’s resistance in the effects of insulin or defect in the production of insulin in proper quantity. Type 2 diabetes is usually known as adult-onset diabetes.


Symptoms include:Diabetes Type 2 SYMPTOMS CAUSES TREATMENT

  • Thirst increases
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Sores will be slow-healing
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Recurrent infections
  • Increase appetite
  • Darkened skin areas, usually on armpit and neck

The main cause of the development of diabetes type 2 is the resistance of the body to insulin or defect of pancreas to produce enough insulin. Factors involve in this disease are genetic or environmental factors.


Complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus are:


Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of the patient. Other tests include:

  • Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test
  • Random blood sugar test
  • Fasting blood sugar test
  • Oral glucose tolerance test

Treatment options include:

  • Losing weight can lower blood sugar level.
  • Eating less calorie. Fewer carbohydrates and fats
  • Doing regular aerobic exercise regularly.
  • Medications can be prescribed which include metformin, sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones.
  • Bariatric surgery
Lifestyle and home remedies
  • Keep blood pressure and sugar under control
  • Be active and exercise regularly
  • Quit smoking
  • Limit alcohol consumption
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