Ectopic pregnancy is a condition in which fertilize egg implants and grows outside the main cavity of uterus. Mostly ectopic pregnancy occur in fallopian tubes. This type of pregnancy is known as tubal pregnancy. Other locations of ectopic pregnancy are ovary, abdominal cavity or the lower part of the cervix.
- Missed pregnancy
- Tenderness of breast
- Light vaginal bleeding
- Extreme lightheadedness
- Lower abdominal pain
Most common ectopic pregnancy is tubal pregnancy. This occur when fertilize egg stuck in the tubes on the way to uterus. Many factors can contribute to the development of ectopic pregnancy like hormonal imbalance and abnormal fertilize egg development.
Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of the patient. Other tests include:
- Pregnancy tests
- Transvaginal ultrasound
- Blood tests
- Abdominal ultrasound
Treatment options include:
- Medications are given in early ectopic pregnancy. Mostly methotrexate is prescribed.
- Salpingostomy and salpingectomy are laparoscopic procedures to take out ectopic tissue.