This is the type of allergic reaction that occur in response to eating eggs. Eggs are most frequent allergy causing food in childhood that’s why it commonly presents in early infancy. Infrequently it can progress to a life-threatening emergency known as anaphylaxis.
Symptoms appear as soon as the consumption of eggs. It shows as follows:
- Inflammation on the skin appearing as hives.
- Difficulty in breathing
- Tightness and congestion of chest.
- Congestion and itching in the nasal cavity causing allergic rhinitis.
Most seen cause is the overactive immune system of the body against any allergic substance which is otherwise not harmful. When a child starts weaning and eats eggs an intense and acute reaction to egg proteins started in the body resulting in the appearance of signs and symptoms. There are certain substances in which egg products are hidden like marshmallows, mayonnaise, bakery items, dairy products, frosting etc. Consumption of these substances can unknowingly start an allergic reaction in suspectable children.
It is noted that if a child has allergy to eggs the risk of having allergies from other stuff is high for example; allergies to milk, peanuts, dander. Pollens. Atopic dermatitis (allergic reaction on skin) and asthmatic problems can arise too.
Yellow fever vaccine usually provoke an allergic reaction in the individual having egg allergy. So, it must be avoided. MMR vaccine and flu shots although contain some egg products are generally safe.
Firstly, a detailed history is required about the food and other related matter. it is necessary to rule out about the food intolerance as it can mimic the condition of food allergy and much less severe. Other diagnostic methods include skin prick test, blood test, food challenge, food tracking techniques and elimination of certain products in diet.
- To ease the overactive immune system and ease the symptoms antihistamines are prescribed.
- In severe anaphylactic complication epinephrine shots are required.