This syndrome belongs to a group of inherited disorders characterized by flexible joints and stretchy and fragile skin. Connective tissues, mainly; skin, joints and blood vessels are affected in this syndrome. Connective tissues are made up of complex mixture of proteins and other substances that gives strength and elasticity to the structures underlying the body. Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, is a more serious and severe form of disorder in which walls of blood vessels, intestines or uterus tends to rupture.
- Excessive flexibility of the joints
- Joint pain
- Dislocation of joints
- Patient feel exceptionally soft and velvety. Skin become overly stretchy
- Skin become fragile and healing of scars become delayed
Main factor in the development of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is the genetic manifestation. If a parent has this syndrome, it’s likely they will pass it to there children.
- Joint dislocation
- Early-onset of arthritis
- Prominent scarring
- Fatal rupture of blood vessels in case of vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.
Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of the patient. Other test include genetic testing of blood samples.
Although there’s no permanent cure for this syndrome. However, certain treatment options are there to manage the symptoms and prevention of complications.
- Medications for pain and blood pressure control are prescribed.
- Physical therapy to strengthen muscles and stabilize joints
- Surgical repair is sometimes require to treat repeated dislocated joints