Hypertension, High Blood Pressure

Hypertension, High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is defined as the high pressure of blood against the blood vessels. Blood pressure calculate as amount of blood heart pump during each beat and the resistance which is given by the arteries to the blood flow. If heart pump more blood and your vessels are narrow then you will experience a high blood pressure.


This is defined as the silent killer because it does not show any sign and symptom initially but cause serious complication suddenly. General sign and symptoms include:

  • Headache in temporal region
  • Bleeding from nose
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Dizziness
  • sweating

Hypertension are of two type primary which is also called essential hypertension and secondary hypertension. In primary hypertension there is not exact cause is present which rises the blood pressure. The causes of secondary hypertension include:HYPERTENSION SYMPTOMS CAUSES TREATMENT


If left untreated it may lead to the following complications:


Blood pressure is measure by the sphygmomanometer by place the cuff around the arm. Normal blood pressure value is 120/80mmHg. Your doctor may diagnosis the blood pressure during routine checkup. And give you chart to fill with by checking blood pressure at home in specific timing to rule out the primary and secondary type of blood pressure. Usually secondary hypertension may show other sign and symptom related to secondary disease.


Mild elevated high blood pressure treated with changing lifestyle and routine but severely high values required medicated treatment which include:

  • Diuretics will help to eliminate the sodium and water through the kidney.
  • Angiotensin receptor blockers help to relax the blood vessels
  • Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors
  • Calcium channel blocker to relax the blood vessels
  • Beta blocker to decrease the workload from heart
  • Renin inhibitors
Lifestyle and Home Remedies

Along with right treatment your lifestyle will help you to control your hypertension which include:

  • Exercise and walk daily
  • Drink more fluids
  • Avoid sedentary lifestyle
  • Eat a healthy food
  • Decrease salt consumption
  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Avoid stress
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