This condition is also known as underactive thyroid. It is characterized by reduce functioning of thyroid gland and reduced production of thyroid hormones.

  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Cold sensitivity
  • Skin dry
  • Unintentional weight gain
  • Puffy face
  • Hoarsnesss
  • Weakness and aches of muscles
  • Stiffness and pain in joints
  • Enlarged thyroid glands which is known as goiter
  • Face become puffy
  • Depression
  • Jaundice in newborn
  • Umbilical hernia
  • Constipation

This condition occur when thyroid gland in the body didn’t work properly and produces reduce amount of thyroid hormone. This leads to great impact on health and body metabolism. There could be many causes of underactive thyroid gland. Some of them are:

  • Autoimmune disease like Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
  • Thyroid surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Pituitary disorder
  • Congenital disease
  • Pregnancy
  • Iodine deficiency
  • Enlarged thyroid glands known as goiter
  • Increase risk of heart disease
  • Slowed mental functioning
  • Peripheral neuropathy.
  • Infertility
  • Myxedema

Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of the patient. Other tests include:

  • Blood tests
  • TSH test

Treatment options include:

  • Daily intake of synthetic thyroid hormones which helps to restore the low levels of thyroid hormones. Certain foods help to absorb this synthetic thyroid hormone in the body like iron supplements, aluminum hydroxide, calcium supplements
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