It is defined as the inflammation of the cornea which is the clear spherical shape structure in front of the pupil and iris. It can be occurred due to infection and non-infection causes which include bacterial keratitis and keratitis due to wearing of contact lenses regularly respectively


The following are the signs and symptoms of keratitis:keratitis  Symptoms causes treatment

  • Photophobia
  • Blurred vision
  • Eye pain
  • Redness of eye
  • Reduce vision
  • Foreign body sensation in eye

Keratitis occur due to the following causes:

  • Viral keratitis
  • Bacterial keratitis
  • Injury to cornea
  • Wearing contact lenses
  • Using contaminated water

Following complications occur due to untreated keratitis:

  • Blindness
  • Temporary reduction of vision
  • Corneal ulcers
  • Viral infection of cornea
  • Scarring of cornea

After history diagnosis can be made by:

  • Slit-lamp examination to detect the extend of inflammation.
  • Eye exam
  • Penlight examination
  • Laboratory tests of tears and corneal cells

Treatment of keratitis depend upon the cause of inflammation:

  • Fungal keratitis required anti-fungal eye drops
  • Bacterial keratitis required antibiotics
  • Viral required anti-viral and steroids drops to reduce the inflammation
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