Lewy Body Dementia
Lewy Body Dementia
This condition is also known as dementia with lewy bodies. This type of progressive dementia is second most common after Alzheimer’s dementia. Lewy bodies are protein deposits arises in the nerve cellls of the brain which are involved in the process of thinking, memory and motor control.
- Visual hallucinations
- Signs of Parkinson’s disease
- Poor regulation of body functions
- Thinking and cognitive problems
- Difficulties in sleep
- Having periods of fluctuating attention
- Loss of motivation (apathy)
Main cause of lewy body dementia is the accumulation of proteins in the nerve cells of brain. Patients also have plaques and tangles associated with Alzheimer’s disease. These proteins are also seen with Parkinson’s disease.
This condition is progressive and can be complicated into:
- Dementia being more severe
- Aggressive behaviour habits
- Falling and injury risk increases
- Worsening of tremors
- Death can occur after 8 years of symptoms.
Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of the patient. Diagnosis mainly involved complete and through neurological examination and examination of reflexes and cognitive abilities. Other tests for ruling out other conditions that can lead to misdiagnosis are:
- Blood tests
- MRI or CT scan of brain
- Fluorodeoxyglucose PET brain scans
- Heart test
Treatment options include:
- Medications can be prescribed like cholinesterase inhibitors, carbidopa-levodopa (Sinemet, Rytary, Duopa), first-generation antipsychotic medications.
- Some modifying of behaviour therapies
- Speech therapy. Speak slowly and give gestures to point any object.
- Be active and exercise regularly
- Play mind stimulating games like puzzles and cross words
- Encourage night time rituals
- Music therapy, pet therapy and aromatherapy can also help to ease the symptoms.