It is defining as the neurological condition in which infants head is smaller than normal. Head of affect child is smaller than the children of his age or sex. It is occurred due to the some genetical or environmental causes, usually it can be detected at birth.
Main sign of microcephaly is the head size which is smaller than other infants of the same sex and age.
It can be occurred due to the genetically, but sometime during development certain conditions lead to the microcephaly. Some causes included:
- Chromosomal abnormalities
- Cerebral anoxia
- Infection during pregnancy
- Severe malnutrition
It may cause the following complications:
- Difficulty in balance
- Intellectual disabilities
- Facial distortions
After taking medical history and conducting physical examination your doctor will recommend the following tests:
- Blood test to check any infection
- Ct scan to see the detailed image of brain
There is no specific treatment available for this condition only surgical treatment for craniosynostosis will cured the microcephaly, medications focus on how to manage signs and symptoms and reduce complications.