It is also known as hydatidiform mole, molar pregnancy is a rare condition which is characterized by abnormal growth of trophoblast cells into the placenta. Molar pregnancy has two types complete molar pregnancy and partial molar pregnancy.
Specific signs and symptoms of molar pregnancy includes:
- Bright red vaginal bleeding
- Pelvic pain
- Vaginal passage of cysts
- High blood pressure
It is the problem of abnormal fertilization normally each sex cell contains 23 chromosomes, after fertilization chromosome number become 46, each 23 from each parent’s cell. In complete molar pregnancy one or two sperm fertilized the empty egg and in partial molar pregnancy egg is normal but father give 46 chromosome one extra set of chromosomes, which cause abnormal growth of fetus.
The complications of molar pregnancy occur after the molar tissue removal because some tissue remains in the uterus and grow which is called persistent gestational trophoblastic neoplasia.
If you experience any signs and symptoms of molar pregnancy then concern with your doctor, he/she will recommend the following tests:
- Blood test to check some specific hormone in the serum
- Uterus ultrasound to check the fetus, amniotic fluid and any other abnormalities
- Amniocentesis reveal the genetic abnormality but test the fetus cells.
The main treatment option is to remove the fetus along with placenta because it does not continue as normal pregnancy, treatment consist of following options:
- Dilation and curettage to remove the molar tissue.
- Hysterectomy if there is GTN formation occur