This condition is define as the overreaction of body immune system when breathing in the environment having mold spores.
Signs and symptoms caused by mold spores is identical to those caused by other respiratory track allergens.
- Runny, itchy and stuff nose
- Dry skin having scales
- Watery and itchy eyes
- Itchy throat
- If this allergy is accompanied by asthma it can lead to severe asthmatic attack leading to coughing, shortness of breath and chest tightness
Allergic reaction is triggered by oversensitive immune system making antibodies against mold in the atmosphere and neutralizing it. After successive exposures intense immune response is generated as the body become loaded with histamine. Histamine is a chemical substance release from antibodies. Alternaria, aspergillus, Cladosporium and penicillium are most common molds causing allergy.
Some major complications are:
- Allergic fungal sinusitis.
- Hypersensitivity induced pneumonia.
- Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis.
- Asthma which is mold induced.
- Infection of skin and mucous membranes.
Taking complete and detailed history and performing every parameter of general physical examination is crucial. Other tests are skin prick test and blood test (also known as radioallergosorbent test) which determine particular antigens and antibody in the body of patient.
- Nasal sprays containing corticosteroids helps in treating the inflammation in the nose and whole upper respiratory track.
- Antihistamines which aid in itchy, runny and watery nose and mouth.
- Oral decongestant or nasal spray decongestants.
- Montelukast is also used to treat allergic reactions as it inhibits leukotrienes (important chemical of immune reaction).
- Always wearing mask in order to avoid coming in contact with mold spores in the atmosphere.
- Avoid going out after rainstorm or damp, foggy weather because molds proportion increases in atmosphere at that time.
- Close windows of your room before sleeping.