Myocardial Ischemia

Myocardial Ischemia

It is occurred when blood supply to your heart is decrease and heart muscle suffer from decrease oxygen level. Myocardial ischemia occurs due to the complete or partial obstruction of coronary arteries.


Signs and symptoms of myocardial ischemia include:

  • Fast heartbeat
  • Breathing problems
  • Neck or jaw pain
  • Shoulder pain
  • Sweating
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Malaise

Causes of myocardial ischemia include:

  • Blood clot
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Coronary artery spasm

If left untreated if may causes the following complications:

  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure
  • Arrhythmia

After taking history and conducting a physical examination your doctor might recommend the following tests:

  • Stress test
  • ECG to check the electrical activity of heart
  • Ultrasound
  • Blood test to check the serum enzyme level
  • Coronary angiogram

The main aim of treatment is to improve the coronary blood flow, treatment options include:

  • Nitrates to dilated the arteries
  • Beta blockers to relax the heart muscles
  • Aspirin to reduce the risk of blood clots
  • Cholesterol lowering drug to decrease the blood pressure
  • Calcium channel blockers to relax the heart muscle
Lifestyle and home remedies

Following home remedies will help you:

  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Avoid smoking
  • Exercise daily
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Manage stress
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