Ovarian cysts are characterized by fluid-filled pockets or sacs on the surface of ovary. Eggs are developed and mature in the ovaries and are released monthly during childbearing ages. Ovarian cysts can occur at some time of a women age and soon disappear on it’s own. It cause serious problems when cysts ruptures.
Usually this condition is asymptomatic but can be presented as:
- Dull to sharp pelvic pain
- Feeling of heaviness or fullness in the abdomen
Mostly ovarian cysts develop as a consequence of monthly menstrual cycle (functional cysts) but other less common causes and types of cysts are:
- Follicular cysts
- Corpus luteum cysts
- Dermoid cysts
- Ovarian cysts can be cancerous if developed after menopause
- Ovarian torsion
- Rupture of cyst lead to internal bleeding and severe pain
Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical and pelvic examination of the patient.Other possible tests include:
- Pregnancy tests
- Pelvic ultrasound
- CA 125 blood test which detect cancerous antigen in the blood.
Treatment options include:
- Waiting watchfully for re-examination to watch if the cysts goes away after few months.
- Medication like hormonal contraceptives
- Sometimes surgery is considered if the cyst is large enough or causes pain.
- Ovarian cystectomy that is removal of cysts without removing ovaries