Paget's Disease of Bone
Paget’s Disease of Bone
Paget’s disease of bone is characterized by interference of body’s normal recycling process of bone tissue being gradually replaced by old bone tissue. This condition over long time lead to the fragile bones. Most commonly affected bones are pelvis, skull, spin and legs.
Mostly this condition presents as :
- Pain in the hip region
- Headache and hearing loss due to overgrowth of skull bone
- Pain, tingling, numbness in arm or leg
- Enlarged, bowed or misshapen bone of leg
Main cause of paget’s disease is not known but scientists suspect that it may have occur due to environmental and genetic factors combination. Some times paget’s disease can also be related to viral infection in bone cells.
- Deformities and fractures of leg
- Neurological problems like pain, weakness or tingling in an arm or leg or hearing loss.
- Heart failure
- Bone cancer
Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of the patient. Other tests include:
- Imaging tests include X-ray, bone scan
- Laboratory tests like blood tests.
Treatment options include:
- Medications like osteoporosis drugs bisphosphonates are mostly used
- Surgeries can be considered
- Prevention of falls
- Eating adequate levels of calcium and vitamin D intake
- Be active and exercise regularly.