It is defined as the inflammation of the plantar fascia which is the thick band tissue which connects your heel bones to your toes and run across the sole of your foot. It is one of the common causes of heel pain.
The main signs of plantar fasciitis are the stabbing nature of pain in the bottom of your foot. Pain is worsening after taking few steps in morning, pain is also triggered by standing for long period and become more after exercise.
It is cause by stretching and tearing of the plantar fascia which is cause by heavy exercise or by running.
If left untreated it may cause the chronic heel pain which may interfere in the daily activity.
After taking history your doctor might recommend the following tests:
- X-ray to check the extend of tearing
- Blood test to exclude any other cause
Treatment options includes:
- Medications to relieve the pain like ibuprofen and naproxen sodium which is also used to reduce the inflammation.
- Physical therapy to strengthen the muscles
- Night splints
- Orthotics help to reduce the pressure on the arch
- Steroid injections to reduce the inflammation
- Surgical repairment of fascia.
Lifestyle and home remedies
Following tips will help to reduce the pain:
- Apply ice to reduce swelling
- Wear supportive shoes
- Use athletic shoes
- Maintain a healthy weight