It is defined as the mental condition in which there is sudden episodes of unpredictable and inappropriate crying or laughing. It is associated with other neurological disorder.
Signs and symptoms include:
- Outburst of crying or laughing
- Mood swings
- Unstable emotional state
- Loss of appetite
Causes of pseudobulbar affect (PBA) includes:
- Parkinson’s disease
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
- Traumatic brain injury
- Multiple sclerosis
If left untreated it may cause the several complications like anxiety, panic attacks, and depression.
After taking medical history and conducting general physical examination your doctor might recommend the MRI for detailed brain images or x-ray of brain.
The main aim of treatment is to reduce the signs and symptoms and prevent the complications, treatment include:
- Dextromethorphan to treat PBA
- Antidepressants to reduce the panic attacks and depression