This is an opthalmalogical emergency condition characterized by pulling away of retina from it’s normal position. This lead to the separation of retina from blood supply and nutrition supply.
- Floaters appear suddenly. Floaters are define as tiny specks that seem to drift through field of vision
- Appearance of flashes which is known as photopsia
- Gradually reduced peripheral vision
- Vision become blurred
Retinal detachment is of three types which is due to different causes. These types are:
- Rhegmatogenous characterized by fluid underneath the retina that is pulling retina away from underlying tissues dur to hole in retina. This is commonly caused by aging.
- Tractional type characterized by growth of scar tissue on retina. Mostly it occur in the patients of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus.
- Exudative type is characterized by fluid accumulation under the retina but there’s no hole in retina. This is caused by age-related macular degeneration, injury to the eye, tumors or inflammatory disorders.
Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of the patient. Other tests include:
- Retinal examination
- Ultrasound of eye
Treatment options include:
- Prescription of retinal tears if the hole in the retina hasn’t progressed
- This is the laser surgery to treat the perforation of retina.
- Pneumatic retinopexy