It is a frequently occurring skin condition in which there is redness and visible blood vessels in your face. It may lead to produce small, red coloured, pus filled bumps. Signs and symptoms of rosacea may flare up for weeks to months and then eventually go away for a while. It can easily be mistaken for acne, and other skin problems or natural ruddiness. It is most common in middle-aged women who have light skin.
Signs and symptoms of rosacea are following:
- Facial redness
- Bumps on the face usually red and swollen mimicking acne.
- Dry, irritated, swollen eyes and red, swollen eyelids.
- Thickening of skin of nose causing it to appear bulbous, condition known as rhinophyma.
Exact cause of rosacea is not known, but studies shows that it could be due to combination of hereditary and environmental factors. This condition is not caused by poor hygiene. Factors that causes flaring up of the symptoms of rosacea are:
- Spicy foods
- Hot drinks
- Alcoholic beverages including red wines
- Temperature extremes
- Sunlight and wind
- Blood pressure medications that dilate the blood vessels
- Emotions and exercise
- Some cosmetics products
The most common complication of rosacea is rhinophyma. Rhinophyma is a condition in which the sebaceous glands (oil glands) in nose and sometimes cheeks become enlarged. It is more common in males and develop over prolong period of time.
Diagnosis depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of the patient. Specific test are not used to diagnose rosacea.
Treatment options include:
- Medications are prescribed such as: Topical drugs; Brimonidine (Mirvaso) and oxymetazoline (Rhofade), oral antibiotics and oral acne drugs
- Laser therapy and other light-based therapies are given to reduce the redness.
Lifestyle and home remedies
Some self-care practices can be done to prevent flare-up of symptoms. Some practices are:
- Avoiding the trigger that can cause flare up
- Protection of face from sunlight by applying good sunscreens
- Use nonsoap cleansers and mousterize frequently to protect your skin.
- Makeup can help reducing the visible redness.