Sudden Cardiac Arrest

Sudden Cardiac Arrest

It is defined as the sudden stopping of heart function and normal beating of heart causes fainting, loss of consciousness. Sudden cardiac arrest occurs when there is abrupt stoppage of electrical activity of heart.


Signs and symptoms of sudden cardiac arrest include:

  • No pulse
  • No breathing
  • Sudden collapse
  • Fainting
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Weakness palpitations
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty in breathing

Arrhythmias are the major cause of sudden cardiac arrest because they disturb the normal electrical activity of the heart. SA node generates the electrical impulse which control the normal pumping action of heart. Certain condition which may lead to cardiac arrest include:


During childhood or infancy your doctor might assume the heart murmur during routine checkup and recommend the following test to confirm the diagnosis:

  • Chest X-ray. To see the condition of heart and lungs
  • To evaluate the pumping ability of your heart
  • To check the electrical activity of the heart
  • CT scan. This will provide the better image of the heart
  • First line treatment for cardiac arrest is CPR it will provide the basic function of the body and ensure the blood flow and respiration.
  • Defibrillation provide the electrical shock to start the electrical activity of heart.
  • Long term treatment involved medications to treat the underlying cause like anti arrhythmic drugs.
  • Implant defibrillator
  • Coronary angioplasty
Lifestyle and Home Remedies
  • Stop smoking
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Stay physically active
  • Avoid alcohol
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