In this condition there’s inflammation of a tendon thick fibrous cords that attach the much to bone). This leads to pain and tenderness outside a joint. It is more common around shoulders, elbows, wrists, knees and heels. However, tendinitis can affect any tendon. Some common conditions of tendinitis are: tennis elbow, golfer’s elbow, pitcher’s shoulder, swimmer’s shoulder, jumper’s knee.
Signs and symptoms of tendinitis include:
- Dull ache when moving the affected limb or joint
- Some swelling
Usually tendinitis is caused by sudden injury or trauma. Tendinitis is most likely to occur when there’s repetition of a particular movement over long time. Improper technique while performing repetitive sports movements can overload the tendon. As it occur in tennis elbow which leads to tendinitis.
Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of the patient. Other imaging techniques are also required to rule out other conditions.
Treatment options include:
- Self care is very important which include rest, icing and over-the-counter pain killers
- Medications which are prescribed by the physician are: pain killers, cocorticosteroids, Platelet-rich plasma (PRP)
- Physical therapy
- Sometimes surgical treatment is also necessary. Some surgical procedures are: dry needling, Ultrasonic treatment, surgical repair of the tendon.
Lifestyle and home remedies
Tendinitis can be treated at home by simple measures like:
- Icing to alleviate pain, decrease muscle spasms and swelling. Ice should be placed on injured area for upto 20mins
- Compression to reduce swelling
- Elevation of the leg above the head level if tendinitis affect knees