It is defined as the pain or discomfort at the opening of vagina and in surrounding tissue. The characteristic of pain is of burning type and it remains for more than 3 months or more, there is no exact cause of this condition known yet.


Signs and symptoms include:Vulvodynia Symptoms Causes Treatment

  • Soreness
  • Stinging
  • Painful intercourse
  • Burning
  • Rawness
  • Itching
  • Throbbing pain

Some possible causes of pain include:

  • Allergies
  • Hormonal changes
  • Vaginal infection
  • Injuries to perineal nerves
  • Muscles twitching and spasm

Complication due to this condition mention below:

  • Sleep disturbances
  • Relationship problems
  • Anxiety
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Altered body shape

Diagnosis can be occurred by:

  • Pelvic examination to see any physical abnormality around the vagina and vulva.
  • Medical history about drugs and lifestyle
  • Vaginal fluid test to check presence of any causative organism.

Treatment options include:

  • Local anesthetic like lidocaine gel or cream to reduce the pain before or during sexual intercourse.
  • Anti-histamines to reduce the itching
  • Muscles relaxant to reduce the muscles spasm
  • Nerve block by injecting local anesthetic
  • Surgery to remove the affected the affected skin and tissue to reduce the pain and cut nerve fibers.
Lifestyle and Home Remedies
  • Avoid wearing tight undergarments.
  • Avoid hot baths
  • Take bath in lukewarm water with Epsom salts
  • Avoid using pads
  • Avoid using deodorant at affected area
  • Use lubricant before sexual intercourse
  • Wash the area gently
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